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Monthly Archives: November 2017

  • A Tour of Assam and its handicrafts

    Assam is a state in the northern part of India. It is renowned for its tea plantations and its diverse cultures of ethnic communities. With the diverse cultures comes diverse crafts and arts. The one scene that is guaranteed to capture your eye is the never-ending tea plantations and paddle fields. This makes Assam one of the most beautiful states in India.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    The people of Assam are renowned for their graceful skill in weaving and exquisite silk products. However, due to the different cultures there other different forms of arts and handicrafts. The handicrafts and the amicable people of Assam make it one of the popular tourist destinations.

    Assam produces some of the best quality of silk called ‘pat’ and ‘buga’. Weaving and embroidery is the major handicraft, however, Assam has a wide array of handicrafts:

    • Cane and Bamboo handicrafts
    • Brass and Bell-metal handicrafts
    • Woodcrafts
    • Masks
    • Terracotta
    • Jewelry
    • Traditional paintings

    Cane and Bamboo Handicrafts

    Assam is very rich in bamboo and cane. Majority of household products are made from bamboo and cane. Cane and bamboo are used to make baskets, mats, stools and hats.

    Brass and Bell-metal Handicrafts

    Bell-metal and brass are commonly used by artisans in Assam to make metal products. The artisans are famed for their traditional brass and bell-metal articles. They use these metals to make utensils, water pots, bowls and dishes.


    Assam is has a vast forest cover. It is no surprise that woodcrafts form part of the Assamese culture and economy.

    It is said that an Assamese can identify the timber by touching it even in darkness. The artisans in Assam are able to produce very beautiful products from timber.


    Masks are important as they form part of the traditional tribal art and Assamese culture. They form an integral part in the cultural activities of the people in Assam.

    Masks are widely used in folk theatres and bhaonas. Masks also adorn the colorful traditional dances.

    Terracotta and Jewelry

    Terracotta is also an important handicraft of Assam. This craft has been passed from generation to generation. It is common to get terracotta vases, toys, figures of gods and goddesses.

    Jewelry making is an ancient craft in Assam. The jewelry in Assam is breathtaking and is made of gold and silver. The items range from necklaces to earrings, lockets to bracelets.

    Assam is a very colorful state, and if you are visiting Assam you should get some of their handicrafts as a souvenir.

  • The Art of Pottery in India

    The art of making decorative vessels using clay is one of the oldest forms of art. In India, it is one of the oldest crafts that is still being practiced. Pottery adorns majority of Indian homes because of its exquisite and elegant features.

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    Pottery is the art of making earthenware using moist clay and then drying them. Drying is done either by exposure to the sun, fire, baking in kilns or ovens.

    Indian pottery comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. This craft is used to make every type of earth-ware like cooking vessels, food bowls, storage red pots, urns, flower pots and decorative pots.

    The raw materials used in making pottery are clay and water which can be found throughout the country.

    Image Credit - pixabay Image Credit - pixabay

    There are two popular methods of making pottery in India. They either use their hands or wheel to makes pottery. There are different styles or types of pottery in India.

    • Glazed pottery
    • Unglazed pottery
    • Terracotta
    • Papier-Mache

    Unglazed Pottery

    This is one of the ancient forms of pottery in India. There are three different types of unglazed glazed pottery.

    • Paper thin pottery with makes use of incised patterns.
    • Pottery made using the scraffito technique, which involves polishing and painting intricate patterns.
    • The third is polished pottery, which makes use of stylized patterns of arabesques.

    Glazed Pottery

    Glazed pottery is popular in many states in India. This kind of pottery has a white background and the patterns are green and blue. Delhi and Khurja are renowned for the blue pottery. This pottery does not use clay, instead, it is covered with finely ground glass and then fired.


    This style of pottery is mainly involved sculptures. This form of pottery is commonly displayed in places of worship. In the rural parts of India, women make decorative sculptures to adorn their homes. During festivals, they also use clay to make idols of their gods and goddesses.

    Papier Mache

    Papier Mache is an old form of pottery in India. It makes use of pulp paper and adhesive solution. After soaking the paper in the solution for a few days, the paper is molded and painted.

  • Handicrafts in Goa

    Goa is for its famous art and craft work. The art and crafts of Goa are high in utilitarian value as well as aesthetics. The local craftsmen in Goa design articles from coconut husks, wood, brass and color them with various vibrant color paints to make them attractive. Handicrafts do not only contribute to the livelihood of the local people but also play a very big major role in Goa tourism.

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    The main art forms of the state are seashell crafts, bamboo crafts, woodcarvings, wooden lacquer, Jute Macramé, Fabric collage fiber and batik prints, fiber stone carvings, cotton dolls, soft toys and artistic weaving

    Goa doesn’t lag overdue as far as local arts and crafts are apprehensive and with the unresolved craftsmanship of the local artisans and have achieved to carve out a place for itself in this highly economical field. Handicrafts are traded all over major tourist spots and various handicrafts emporia’s.

    One of the handicrafts products includes hand-made hats, knotted mats, masks and tough ropes which are mainly made from the coconut husk. This is well-thought-out to be the adored handicrafts in Goa and their worth cannot be destabilized when it comes to gorgeous handicrafts.

    Another material of the handicraft is the jute macramé craft. It’s among the inexpensive natural fibers extensively used by the craftsmen of Goa when it comes to scheming ornamental things such as ladies purses, flower pots, and wall hangings. Jute materials are made from unique crafts in India and Jute Macramé craft products are extensively used.

    Other materials used for craft is brass. Brass is rummage-sale to mold various designs and the view is just best when it comes to numerous products with shapes and sizes. Some of the products comprise hanging lamps, candle stands, and ashtrays. Artistes do all with such exactness that makes the products look great.

    The art of bamboo craft is supposed to have created from the countryside areas of Goa. Bamboo craft is supposed to be the primogenital arts. It is used to make numerous products like farming baskets and fishing baskets.

    The government of Goa supports these local handicrafts makers and there is no dearth of various products which mark the Goa culture in its entirety.

  • Pondicherry Crafts

    Pondicherry is famous for its traditional handicrafts. If you are visiting Pondicherry for the first time you are bound to love and admire the place. The place displays a combination of the Tamil heritage and French influence. This has resulted in a diverse array of crafts thriving in this region.

    Pondicherry is a shopper’s paradise and with the variety of crafts, you are bound to find something good for you. These are some of the handicrafts in Pondicherry:

    • Terracotta
    • Textiles
    • Stone Carvings
    • Leather Craft
    • Ceramic Pottery
    • Hand-made paper and perfume
    • Candles and incense sticks


    Crafts made from Terracotta are a common sighting in Pondicherry. Artisans in Pondicherry create some of the best articles and decorative items using terracotta and clay. They make very beautiful utensils, tableware, plan pots, flower vases, tea and coffee sets using terracotta.

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    Pondicherry is known for its textiles and linen works. Some of the most remarkable and beautiful textiles and garments sought after are produced here. Khadi is one of the most popular textiles which is made by the local people.

    Textiles come in different shades of colors and textures. The south cotton saris of Pondicherry are common and loved by tourists. They are soft and comfortable.

    Stone Carvings

    A stone carving is another craft that showcases the massive talent of the local people of Pondicherry. They produce some of the best stone carvings. If you are a tourist a stone carving is a great souvenir. Some of these intricate and exquisite stone carvings adorn the insides of temples and households.

    Leather Craft

    The leather craft of Pondicherry is one of the most sought-after products. The leather used is genuine. This creates a huge demand for these leather products in the international market.

    Some of the products made by the craftsmen include shoes, leather bags, and briefcases.

    Ceramic Pottery

    This is an important craft of Pondicherry. The pottery found here is distinct as the craftsmen give the pottery a very shiny finishing. You can use the pots to adorn your households or just for decorative purposes. There is a variety of designs to choose from.

    Hand-made paper, candles, perfume, and incense

    Another popular product here is the hand-made paper produced here. This paper is used to make greeting cards, book covers and notepads. This paper is created in diversified colors and textures.

    Pondicherry also produces candles and incense sticks. These come in handy, especially during the festivals.

    The craftsmen of Pondicherry will always showcase their ingenuity with locally available raw materials. Most of this art and craft attracts tourists and helps the local people earn a livelihood.

  • Art and Crafts of Madhya Pradesh

    Madhya Pradesh is known for its rich tradition and culture. This is reflected in the majestic pieces of art and crafts. The handicrafts of Madhya Pradesh exhibit the painstaking craftsmanship and great skills of the locals.

    The artistic pieces include:

    • Bamboo and Cane Products
    • Carpet weaving
    • Terracotta
    • Stone carvings
    • Jute Works
    • Papier Mache

    The 5 Popular Arts and Crafts of Madhya Pradesh

    If you love shopping the great crafts of Madhya Pradesh will definitely mesmerize. These are some of the most popular handicrafts produced.

    Bamboo and Cane Work

    Amongst the different crafts of the state, one that stands apart is their bamboo and cane works. Bamboo thickets are a common sighting in Madhya Pradesh and the artisans make use of them. The vast majority of the locals make everyday tools using bamboo. They make fishing tools, baskets, hunting tools all from bamboo.

    The tribal communities of Baiga, Gond and Korku are skilled in this craft. If you are visiting Madhya Pradesh you are guaranteed to be thrilled by their beautiful works of art.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Carpet Weaving

    Carpet weaving as a craft came to India via Persia. It is a major center of carpet weaving in India. The materials mostly used are of wool, silk, and cotton.

    The art of carpet weaving requires highly skilled craftsmen as it is a delicate one. The craftsmen of Gwalior are the undisputed master of the art of weaving fine quality carpets combined with creative designs and motifs.


    Among the popular arts of Madhya Pradesh, is the terracotta pottery. The terracotta pottery is marvelous in its style and representation.

    The local people make potteries that are noteworthy. They make traditional statutes of different animals that they offer to their deities as sacrifices.

    Stone Carving

    The stone carving tradition of Madhya Pradesh is one of the best in the country and the world. The majestic stone carvings are found in the majority of their temples to depict the gods and goddesses of this local people.

    Stone carvings of Madhya Pradesh vary from place to place. Every region of this state has got its unique and distinct style. In Gwalior, lattice work is the specialty, whereas in regions like Jabalpur the craftsmen specialize animals and human statues.

    Jute Works

    Jute is a cheap textile fiber with a coarse and heavy texture. Jute works include baskets, flower vases, hammocks, purses and table mats.

  • மாமல்லபுரம் சிற்பங்களுக்கு புவிசார்(GI Tag) குறியீடு.!

    தமிழக அரசின் விண்ணப்பத்தை ஏற்று, மாமல்லபுரத்தில் உள்ள சிற்பங்களுக்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு வழங்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.
    உலகில் உள்ள ஒவ்வொரு பகுதிக்கும் வெவ்வேறான பாரம்பரியங்கள், கலாச்சாரங்கள், கட்டட அமைப்புகள் என தனித்த அடையாளங்கள் இருக்கின்றன. டார்ஜிலிங் தேநீர், மைசூர் பட்டு, தமிழகத்தின் தஞ்சாவூர் ஓவியம், காஞ்சிபுரம் பட்டு ஆகியவைகளின் சிறப்பு மற்றும் பாரம்பரியத்தைக் கருதி அவற்றிற்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு அளிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

    இந்தியாவில் பொருட்களுக்கான புவிசார் குறியீடு பதிவு மற்றும் பாதுகாப்புச் சட்டம் 1999-ம் ஆண்டு இயற்றப்பட்டது. மத்திய அரசின் கீழ் செயல்படும், இதற்கான அலுவலகத்தின் தலைமையகம் சென்னை கிண்டியில் இருக்கிறது.

    இந்த நிலையில் தமிழக அரசின் விண்ணப்பத்தை ஏற்று, மாமல்லபுரம் சிற்பங்களுக்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு வழங்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதன் மூலம் இனிமேல் மாமல்லபுரம் சிற்பங்கள் என்ற பெயரில், இனி யாருமே சிற்பம் வடிக்க முடியாது. மதுரை மல்லி, தஞ்சாவூர் ஓவியங்கள், காஞ்சிபுரம் பட்டு, ஆரணி பட்டு, சிறுமலை வாழை, கோவை வெட் கிரைண்டர் உட்பட 24 பொருட்களுக்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு பெற்று தமிழகம் 2ஆம் இடத்தில் உள்ளது குறிப்பிடத்தக்கது.

    Source: Samayam.com

  • The 5 Most Popular Hindu Festivals in India

    India is known as a country of many festivals as it has many traditions and customs. Festivals are in the hearts of the people of India. Regardless of the diverse traditions, there are festivals that are shared and celebrated across the country. Below is a glimpse of five most popular Hindu festivals celebrated across India -

    • Diwali
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    This is the biggest festival in India. It is also called the Festival of Lights. It is a five day festival in celebration of the victory of light over darkness, good over evil. It usually falls in in the October or November month. It is called the festival of lights as people light small clay lamps, candles, and fireworks during the festival.

    In North India, it is celebrated to remember the arrival of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after victory over Ravana. In South India, it is a celebrated to honor the victory of Lord Krishna over Narakasura demon.

    • Holi
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    Holi is a two-day festival and is popular among foreigners. It is referred to as the Festival of Colors and is usually celebrated in March. It celebrates the abundance of the spring harvest season.

    People engage in throwing colored powder and water all over each other. They light bonfires, have parties, and dance while drenching each other with water balloons and water sprinklers. Holi is the festival to participate in if you don’t mind getting wet and dirty. It is great fun.

    • Ganesh Chaturthi
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    The Ganesh Chaturthi festival honors the birth of the Hindu elephant-headed god, Lord Ganesha. Elaborately crafted idols made from clay and metal of Lord Ganesha are installed in homes at the start of the festival.

    People then worship the idol for eleven days. After which they are paraded through streets in extravagant processions and then submerged in the river or ocean.

    • Mata Shivaratri

    Shivaratri means the Great Night of Shiva or the Night of Shiva. Devotees gatherat Shiva temples to offer Bael leaves to the God. Some devotes follow fasting for the whole day while some take only one meal.

    People gather around the Shiva temples and putholy ash ontheir bodies after bath. They then recite prayers to Lord Shiva. Singing and dancing take place all night long.

    • Krishna Janmashtami
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    Krishna Janmashtami is a festival that commemorates the birthday of Lord Krishna. It is celebrated on the 8th day of the Krishna Paksha in August-September.

    Krishna is believed to have been a mischievous and naughty kid who loved milk and butter. Women make sweets made from milk and offer it to the Lord. One custom of the festival is ‘Dahi Handi’. A clay pot is normally filled with buttermilk and hung at an elevated height. During the festival, teams of guys form human pyramid and then try and break open Handi (clay pots) filled with curd by hitting with a blunt object. Curd or milk spilling over the group symbolizes achievement through unity.

  • Famous Wildlife Sanctuaries across India

    India is greatly blessed with flora and fauna. If you are visiting India you need to visit one of their many wildlife sanctuaries or game parks. These sanctuaries and parks are meant to protect some endangered species and maintain ecological balance.

    These are the popular parks and reserves that are guaranteed to make your visit memorable if you are a wildlife enthusiast.

    • Jim Corbett National Park
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    This is the oldest park in India. It is renowned for wildlife sanctuary and especially the tiger project. It is one of the most visited parks due to its vast list of wildlife. Surrounded by lush green hills and grasslands, this wildlife sanctuary has a variety of flora and fauna.

    If you are looking to escape the buzz of the city or you are just a wildlife enthusiast, this wildlife sanctuary will fulfill your wishes. The sight of the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger and a ride on one of the Asian giants will make the trip worthwhile.

    • Ranthambore National Park
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    This is another large game sanctuary. It was famous for being the hunting grounds of the Maharajas. Today it is a major wildlife tourist destinations in North India.

    If you are a nature lover or a wildlife photographer this is the place to be. This national park is famed for the tigers that roam around the park. If you are looking to see these great animals hunting for game then you need to pay a visit to the Ranthambore National Park.

    • Kaziranga National Park
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    This is the park where man and nature meet. Are you looking for a place where nature unwinds its immaculate form in dozens of shades? Kaziranga National Park is the place to be. Here the wildlife roams fearlessly and freely.This prestigious park is located in the state of Assam.

    • Bandipur National Park

    Thousands of tourists come every year to experience the beauty of the diverse wildlife found in this park. Together with other reserves they create the country’s largest biosphere reserve. The park has the perfect topography for the various kinds of wildlife to find sanctuary.

    Bandipuris one place that an adventure that you will never forget.

    • Bandhavgarh National Park
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    The diversity of wildlife found in this park is amazing, as it is home to many species of animals and birds. It is said to have one of the largest population of tigers in India.This park provides a treat for wildlife lovers and wildlife photographers.

  • Chikankari - The Art behind the Traditional Lucknowi Embroidery

    Lucknow is renowned for its traditional Chikankari embroidery. The craft of Chikan work, which literally means embroidery, is a traditional style of embroidery from Lucknow. The technique of creating Chikan art is called Chikankari and has been used for over 300 years.

    Chikan embroidery Image credit - wikimedia

    Modern embroidery lacks the simplicity and the precision of the handwork invested on the garment making it subtle. The essence of the garment is a simple design.

    The Embroidery Process

    The Lucknow chikankari technique is broken down into stages. The process of chikankari includes the following steps:

    • Design and Engraving
    • Wooden Block printing
    • Embroidery
    • Washing and finishing

    Design and Engraving

    First, the design is determined and engraved on a wooden block by the embroiderer. The wooden block stamps are used to print the design on the cloth.

    Wooden Block printing

    The wooden blocks are then dipped in Safeda and Neel dyes. The wooden blocks are then used to print the design on the cloth. The cloth is then cut to take the form that the garment is intended. There are different blocks: for butis, floral patterns, and borders. Once the fabric or cloth is printed it is now ready for the embroidery work.


    Then the embroidery process begins. The fabric or cloth is placed in a small frame and the embroiderer begins to trace the printed ink patterns. This is done using needle and thread. Different types of stitches can be made on one piece of fabric. This depends on the type and size motifs. The popular stitches include hemstitch, backstitch, and chain stitch.

    Washing and finishing

    Washing is the last stage of the chikankari process. The fabric is first checked for consistency. It is then soaked in water. It is then washed to remove the block printed ink color. To obtain stiffness the garment is starched and ironed. The garment is now ready for commercial sales.

    The stitches are done to perfection and the quality and gracefulness are very difficult to find anywhere else. The precision and effortlessness of each and every stitch cannot be replicate even by a machine. This is why garments made using the chikankari technique, are famous worldwide.

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