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  • Essence of pottery in India

    Pottery in India is considered as one of the most iconic elements of Indian regional art. Not just its history, but its exquisite beauty and chic features have made pottery, a modern form of Indian decor. Evidence of pottery in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization. Pottery is quite famous in most of the Asian countries and gradually is spreading all over the world. History says that India is responsible for pottery art. In fact, there was a time when pottery was taken as the main source of income for the traditional Indian business class.

    History of pottery in India:

    Shreds of evidence of pottery have been found during  the Vedic period, Indus Valley Civilization and also during the Mughal Period. Vedic pottery is the example of the handmade and unpainted form of pottery. In fact, the pottery created during the vedic period, is raw in nature and very tangible. These pots were used to store water during summer. Later pottery was also used to manufacture kitchen utensils like plates, glasses, cups, and even saucepans.

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    During Indus Valley Civilization, pottery saw a little upliftment, though the Neolithic age in India shows the origin of pottery. Clay, the main raw material used to make pottery is abundantly available in the Indian subcontinent. Hence, the rise of pottery in India is very evident. Handmade pottery like bowls, utensils, vessels, in different colors like red, orange, brown, and black was abundantly available in India. Gradually pottery became a profession for Indians.

    With the rise of pottery culture in India, Indian pots were exported to different parts of the world. Red polished potteries are still widely found in Gujarat, Rajasthan and  West Bengal. The phase of painted pottery started in India during the 12 century, when Mughal period came into its existence. The Muslim rulers encouraged the potters from Persia, Central Asia and the Middle East to come and settle in India. It would be wrong to state that the rise of pottery actually started in India during the Mughal dynasty.

    The modern form of pottery in India:

    Modern India calls pottery as Terracotta painting. Though the Terracotta is a certain kind of material which is used to design different kinds of home decor items, pottery has also become a part of Terracotta handicrafts. The East Indian state, Orissa is the brand ambassador of Terracotta handicrafts. Earlier pots were used to store water during summers. However, pottery has become a mere source of earnings for Indians. In fact, the art of pottery has been included in the course curriculum of interior designing and sculpture paintings. The ancient art of pottery has today become a chic and modern way to design and decorate traditional Indian homes. The touch of Terracotta Handicrafts creates an ambiance of warmth inside the home.


    Today Indian pottery comes in a variety of shapes and patterns. The ceramic artists from all over the globe are trying to adapt the Indian form of pottery. The ancient pottery art has become a contemporary form of Western pottery art. Though the Western style of pottery is a little different from that of the Indian time, both the forms are known as Modern Contemporary form of pottery.

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