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  • Indian Handicrafts in Global Markets

    Indian has earned a great respect worldwide whether it is in the field of science, technology, art or culture. Indian handicraft industry is one of the booming industries and is making its mark all over the world. Handicrafts are considered to be second-largest employment creating segment after agriculture in India. Many artisans all over India work with their craftsmanship to earn a livelihood. The industry offers work to more than 6 million artists mainly containing women and people from the weaker segments of the community.

    In current times, handicrafts have evolved as a perfect blend of traditional patterns and designs with modern technology. This has helped to meet the large demand for Indian handicrafts as gifts, souvenirs or decorative items worldwide.

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    This formerly known cottage industry has now transformed it into a full-grown, large-scale ever-growing organized business with to US$ 1.9 billion in the last ten years. Only in 2005-2006, the exports of Indian handicrafts had shown an increase of US$ 298.87 million giving a fixed yearly growth of 15 per cent or above. Indian contribution to USD 100 billion international handicrafts market is more than 2%.

    Interesting facts about Indian handicrafts –

    • Across India, you can find various art forms in handicrafts. There are many famous places which are known for their speciality in handicrafts such as Saharanpur for wooden articles, North-West Rajasthan for Jaipuri quilts, Gujarat & Lucknow for embroidery, Nasarpur for Lace material, Punjab for Phulkari, and Jodhpur for wrought iron products and so on.
    • Various designs and arts display various cultures of India
    • Wide ranges of designs are available in Indian handicrafts products, which displays creative and artistic skills of craftsmen, and these marvellous crafts are in great demand worldwide.
    • This industry has vast experience in the export and has earned a lot in foreign exchange
    • Indian handicraft industry has proven its worth with constant growth rate of almost 20%

    In recent times, the customers have less interest in machine-made items and are more attracted to handicrafts as they offer a unique style and style statement. Today, the skills and artisans have a dynamic role to play in creating a modern way of life in India as a part of traditional as well as financial future.

  • The Crafts of Tamil Nadu

    Tamil Nadu is a land famous for its fine art and handiwork. It is rich in culture and traditions and makes it one of the tourist destinations. The artisans in Tamil Nadu express their creativity through the amazing handicrafts which adorn the homes of many, not only in India but all over the world.

    These are some of the many handicrafts made in Tamil Nadu:

    • Paintings in Tanjore

    Tamil Nadu is renowned for the famous paintings in the Tanjore Temple. These paintings portray the great skills and creative abilities of the artisans of this place.

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    Most paintings are found in Temples to portray the gods and goddesses of the local people. These paintings are considered religious. One famous painting is Child Krishna’s painting.

    • Craft of Musical Instruments

    Dances and festivals are an important part of the traditional culture of the local people. Making of musical instruments is a major craft practiced in Tamil Nadu.

    The craftsmen make several music instruments like the veena, flute, thamburas and vangiyam. The craftsmen use bamboo, bronze, jack wood, and sandalwood to make the musical instruments.

    • Metal Craft

    The metal-ware of Tamil is renowned worldwide. The products are made of copper and brass. The artisans make some of the best bronze castings of icons

    • Stone Carvings

    Another commendable piece of art in the Tamil society is the stone sculptures. The craftsmen curve very impressive real-like stone carvings, garden lights, and nameplates. Mahabalipuram is famous for this craft.

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    The stone carvings in the temples speak highly of the skills of these craftsmen.

    • Pottery and Papier Mache

    Pottery making is practiced by many people of Tamil in making figures of deities. The craftsmen also make water jugs, tea and dinner sets. They use a variety of clay; Red, black and grey clay.

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    Paper Mache is another spectacular art of the Tamil Nadu people. The waste paper pulp is normally hand beaten and mixed with clay. It is then molded into dolls, idols of gods and goddesses and masks.

    Tamil craftsmen engage in different types of handicrafts. In addition to creating a livelihood for the craftsmen, the intricate pieces of art add style and decorate homes, temples and even workplaces.

  • The Popular Arts of Jammu and Kashmir

    Jammu and Kashmir is one of the most attractive destinations in India. The craftsmen of Jammu and Kashmir have mastered the art of making some of the most intricate and artistic items.

    There are a variety of items made in Jammu and Kashmir:

    • Shawls
    • Carpets
    • Papier mache
    • Wood carvings
    • Chain Stitch
    • Khatumbandh
    • Basketry
    • Namdas
    • Basketry

    These are some of the 5 popular art pieces:

    Kashmiri Shawls

    Are you looking for comfortable and stylish shawls? The Kashmiri shawls are soft, fashionably elegant and sophisticated. The precision and concentration invested in the making of the shawls make them a sought-after commodity in the international market. These shawls are made of three fiber, wool, Pashmina and Shahtoosh. The shawls are unique with very interesting designs.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Kashmiri Carpets

    Kashmir’s art is renowned for its hand-made Kashmiri carpets. These carpets are unique because they are hand-made. Artisans mostly use silk yarns or wool to weave the carpets. The carpet has fine finishing with intricate designs, making them distinct from any other carpet.

    Papier Mache

    Papier mache is an old form of handicrafts in Jammu and Kashmir. It is made up of the pulp of paper and adhesive solution.

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    The paper is soaked in water for a few days then mixed with an adhesive solution. It is then molded, painted and polished. The art of papiermache uses original gold painted items making it quite expensive.

    Woods Carvings

    Wood carvings is one of the oldest arts practiced in Kashmiri. The craftsmen carve some of the best intricate wood designs. The art of carving furniture and other decorative items requires a high degree of skill and craftsmanship.

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    The craftsmen use wood from walnut and chinar of Kashmir. This is because the wood has fine texture and pattern. The popular types of carving practiced in Kashmir are raised, engraved, undercut and plain.

    Chain Stitch

    Chain Stitch is natively known as jalakdozi. It is a stitch done with a hook. The rugs are made of hand-made cloth or hessian cloth.

    The embroidery is done on traced designs, ranging from floral patterns to animal and human forms. This stitch is done on rugs, wall hangings, cushion covers, and duvets covers.

  • The Handicrafts in Andhra Pradesh

    Andhra Pradesh is known for its custom in handicrafts. Artisans in remote villages make astonishing handicrafts with dexterity. Local artists make excellent souvenirs from a wide range of materials. These items are crafted by professional artisans in their entice ambience in the rural area and artisans working at art and craft complexes which are governed by the government.

    Andhra Pradesh has a wide array of handicrafts which has turned to be the lifestyle of the local people. These products are sold through various handicraft emporia and at stalls at the major tourist spots. The art and craft of Andhra Pradesh is the product of the aesthetic blend of Portuguese and Indian cultures.

     Some of the art and crafts in Andhra Pradesh consist of:

    • Banjara Needle

    The Banjara Needle craft is believed to have been originated among wanderers and nomads. Flamboyant and rich embroidery is used in crafting of Banjara Needle craft.

    • Bidri craft

    The Bidri Craft is a craft from Andhra Pradesh which originated from Andhra Pradesh’s main city that is Hyderabad. In this art, silver work is done on metals with intricate carving. By use of a sharp chisel, Bidri art entails engraving on a metal base which can be made of zinc, copper or even tin alloy.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia
    • Durgi Stone Craft

    Another craft from Andhra Pradesh is the metal Durgi Stone craft which originated from Durgi which is located a short distance from Macherala.

    • Metal crafts

    Another craft is the metal crafts which originated from Pembarthi which is a small village in Andhra Pradesh

    • Kondapalli Toys

    This art uses tamarind seed powder, sawdust, watercolors and enamel gums. Craftsmen craft real looking toys which usually reflect deities or figures like women cooking or a boy milking a camel or cow and many other arts.

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    The state gained a lot of popularity for its amazing art and craft products. From generation to generation, this art, craftsmen ship and skills have been passed on and is still flouring.

  • A Tour of Assam and its handicrafts

    Assam is a state in the northern part of India. It is renowned for its tea plantations and its diverse cultures of ethnic communities. With the diverse cultures comes diverse crafts and arts. The one scene that is guaranteed to capture your eye is the never-ending tea plantations and paddle fields. This makes Assam one of the most beautiful states in India.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    The people of Assam are renowned for their graceful skill in weaving and exquisite silk products. However, due to the different cultures there other different forms of arts and handicrafts. The handicrafts and the amicable people of Assam make it one of the popular tourist destinations.

    Assam produces some of the best quality of silk called ‘pat’ and ‘buga’. Weaving and embroidery is the major handicraft, however, Assam has a wide array of handicrafts:

    • Cane and Bamboo handicrafts
    • Brass and Bell-metal handicrafts
    • Woodcrafts
    • Masks
    • Terracotta
    • Jewelry
    • Traditional paintings

    Cane and Bamboo Handicrafts

    Assam is very rich in bamboo and cane. Majority of household products are made from bamboo and cane. Cane and bamboo are used to make baskets, mats, stools and hats.

    Brass and Bell-metal Handicrafts

    Bell-metal and brass are commonly used by artisans in Assam to make metal products. The artisans are famed for their traditional brass and bell-metal articles. They use these metals to make utensils, water pots, bowls and dishes.

    Woodcrafts

    Assam is has a vast forest cover. It is no surprise that woodcrafts form part of the Assamese culture and economy.

    It is said that an Assamese can identify the timber by touching it even in darkness. The artisans in Assam are able to produce very beautiful products from timber.

    Masks

    Masks are important as they form part of the traditional tribal art and Assamese culture. They form an integral part in the cultural activities of the people in Assam.

    Masks are widely used in folk theatres and bhaonas. Masks also adorn the colorful traditional dances.

    Terracotta and Jewelry

    Terracotta is also an important handicraft of Assam. This craft has been passed from generation to generation. It is common to get terracotta vases, toys, figures of gods and goddesses.

    Jewelry making is an ancient craft in Assam. The jewelry in Assam is breathtaking and is made of gold and silver. The items range from necklaces to earrings, lockets to bracelets.

    Assam is a very colorful state, and if you are visiting Assam you should get some of their handicrafts as a souvenir.

  • The Art of Pottery in India

    The art of making decorative vessels using clay is one of the oldest forms of art. In India, it is one of the oldest crafts that is still being practiced. Pottery adorns majority of Indian homes because of its exquisite and elegant features.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Pottery is the art of making earthenware using moist clay and then drying them. Drying is done either by exposure to the sun, fire, baking in kilns or ovens.

    Indian pottery comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. This craft is used to make every type of earth-ware like cooking vessels, food bowls, storage red pots, urns, flower pots and decorative pots.

    The raw materials used in making pottery are clay and water which can be found throughout the country.

    Image Credit - pixabay Image Credit - pixabay

    There are two popular methods of making pottery in India. They either use their hands or wheel to makes pottery. There are different styles or types of pottery in India.

    • Glazed pottery
    • Unglazed pottery
    • Terracotta
    • Papier-Mache

    Unglazed Pottery

    This is one of the ancient forms of pottery in India. There are three different types of unglazed glazed pottery.

    • Paper thin pottery with makes use of incised patterns.
    • Pottery made using the scraffito technique, which involves polishing and painting intricate patterns.
    • The third is polished pottery, which makes use of stylized patterns of arabesques.

    Glazed Pottery

    Glazed pottery is popular in many states in India. This kind of pottery has a white background and the patterns are green and blue. Delhi and Khurja are renowned for the blue pottery. This pottery does not use clay, instead, it is covered with finely ground glass and then fired.

    Terracotta

    This style of pottery is mainly involved sculptures. This form of pottery is commonly displayed in places of worship. In the rural parts of India, women make decorative sculptures to adorn their homes. During festivals, they also use clay to make idols of their gods and goddesses.

    Papier Mache

    Papier Mache is an old form of pottery in India. It makes use of pulp paper and adhesive solution. After soaking the paper in the solution for a few days, the paper is molded and painted.

  • Handicrafts in Goa

    Goa is for its famous art and craft work. The art and crafts of Goa are high in utilitarian value as well as aesthetics. The local craftsmen in Goa design articles from coconut husks, wood, brass and color them with various vibrant color paints to make them attractive. Handicrafts do not only contribute to the livelihood of the local people but also play a very big major role in Goa tourism.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    The main art forms of the state are seashell crafts, bamboo crafts, woodcarvings, wooden lacquer, Jute Macramé, Fabric collage fiber and batik prints, fiber stone carvings, cotton dolls, soft toys and artistic weaving

    Goa doesn’t lag overdue as far as local arts and crafts are apprehensive and with the unresolved craftsmanship of the local artisans and have achieved to carve out a place for itself in this highly economical field. Handicrafts are traded all over major tourist spots and various handicrafts emporia’s.

    One of the handicrafts products includes hand-made hats, knotted mats, masks and tough ropes which are mainly made from the coconut husk. This is well-thought-out to be the adored handicrafts in Goa and their worth cannot be destabilized when it comes to gorgeous handicrafts.

    Another material of the handicraft is the jute macramé craft. It’s among the inexpensive natural fibers extensively used by the craftsmen of Goa when it comes to scheming ornamental things such as ladies purses, flower pots, and wall hangings. Jute materials are made from unique crafts in India and Jute Macramé craft products are extensively used.

    Other materials used for craft is brass. Brass is rummage-sale to mold various designs and the view is just best when it comes to numerous products with shapes and sizes. Some of the products comprise hanging lamps, candle stands, and ashtrays. Artistes do all with such exactness that makes the products look great.

    The art of bamboo craft is supposed to have created from the countryside areas of Goa. Bamboo craft is supposed to be the primogenital arts. It is used to make numerous products like farming baskets and fishing baskets.

    The government of Goa supports these local handicrafts makers and there is no dearth of various products which mark the Goa culture in its entirety.

  • Pondicherry Crafts

    Pondicherry is famous for its traditional handicrafts. If you are visiting Pondicherry for the first time you are bound to love and admire the place. The place displays a combination of the Tamil heritage and French influence. This has resulted in a diverse array of crafts thriving in this region.

    Pondicherry is a shopper’s paradise and with the variety of crafts, you are bound to find something good for you. These are some of the handicrafts in Pondicherry:

    • Terracotta
    • Textiles
    • Stone Carvings
    • Leather Craft
    • Ceramic Pottery
    • Hand-made paper and perfume
    • Candles and incense sticks

    Terracotta

    Crafts made from Terracotta are a common sighting in Pondicherry. Artisans in Pondicherry create some of the best articles and decorative items using terracotta and clay. They make very beautiful utensils, tableware, plan pots, flower vases, tea and coffee sets using terracotta.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Textiles

    Pondicherry is known for its textiles and linen works. Some of the most remarkable and beautiful textiles and garments sought after are produced here. Khadi is one of the most popular textiles which is made by the local people.

    Textiles come in different shades of colors and textures. The south cotton saris of Pondicherry are common and loved by tourists. They are soft and comfortable.

    Stone Carvings

    A stone carving is another craft that showcases the massive talent of the local people of Pondicherry. They produce some of the best stone carvings. If you are a tourist a stone carving is a great souvenir. Some of these intricate and exquisite stone carvings adorn the insides of temples and households.

    Leather Craft

    The leather craft of Pondicherry is one of the most sought-after products. The leather used is genuine. This creates a huge demand for these leather products in the international market.

    Some of the products made by the craftsmen include shoes, leather bags, and briefcases.

    Ceramic Pottery

    This is an important craft of Pondicherry. The pottery found here is distinct as the craftsmen give the pottery a very shiny finishing. You can use the pots to adorn your households or just for decorative purposes. There is a variety of designs to choose from.

    Hand-made paper, candles, perfume, and incense

    Another popular product here is the hand-made paper produced here. This paper is used to make greeting cards, book covers and notepads. This paper is created in diversified colors and textures.

    Pondicherry also produces candles and incense sticks. These come in handy, especially during the festivals.

    The craftsmen of Pondicherry will always showcase their ingenuity with locally available raw materials. Most of this art and craft attracts tourists and helps the local people earn a livelihood.

  • Art and Crafts of Madhya Pradesh

    Madhya Pradesh is known for its rich tradition and culture. This is reflected in the majestic pieces of art and crafts. The handicrafts of Madhya Pradesh exhibit the painstaking craftsmanship and great skills of the locals.

    The artistic pieces include:

    • Bamboo and Cane Products
    • Carpet weaving
    • Terracotta
    • Stone carvings
    • Jute Works
    • Papier Mache

    The 5 Popular Arts and Crafts of Madhya Pradesh

    If you love shopping the great crafts of Madhya Pradesh will definitely mesmerize. These are some of the most popular handicrafts produced.

    Bamboo and Cane Work

    Amongst the different crafts of the state, one that stands apart is their bamboo and cane works. Bamboo thickets are a common sighting in Madhya Pradesh and the artisans make use of them. The vast majority of the locals make everyday tools using bamboo. They make fishing tools, baskets, hunting tools all from bamboo.

    The tribal communities of Baiga, Gond and Korku are skilled in this craft. If you are visiting Madhya Pradesh you are guaranteed to be thrilled by their beautiful works of art.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Carpet Weaving

    Carpet weaving as a craft came to India via Persia. It is a major center of carpet weaving in India. The materials mostly used are of wool, silk, and cotton.

    The art of carpet weaving requires highly skilled craftsmen as it is a delicate one. The craftsmen of Gwalior are the undisputed master of the art of weaving fine quality carpets combined with creative designs and motifs.

    Terracotta

    Among the popular arts of Madhya Pradesh, is the terracotta pottery. The terracotta pottery is marvelous in its style and representation.

    The local people make potteries that are noteworthy. They make traditional statutes of different animals that they offer to their deities as sacrifices.

    Stone Carving

    The stone carving tradition of Madhya Pradesh is one of the best in the country and the world. The majestic stone carvings are found in the majority of their temples to depict the gods and goddesses of this local people.

    Stone carvings of Madhya Pradesh vary from place to place. Every region of this state has got its unique and distinct style. In Gwalior, lattice work is the specialty, whereas in regions like Jabalpur the craftsmen specialize animals and human statues.

    Jute Works

    Jute is a cheap textile fiber with a coarse and heavy texture. Jute works include baskets, flower vases, hammocks, purses and table mats.

  • மாமல்லபுரம் சிற்பங்களுக்கு புவிசார்(GI Tag) குறியீடு.!

    தமிழக அரசின் விண்ணப்பத்தை ஏற்று, மாமல்லபுரத்தில் உள்ள சிற்பங்களுக்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு வழங்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.
    mamallapuram-gets-gi-tag
    உலகில் உள்ள ஒவ்வொரு பகுதிக்கும் வெவ்வேறான பாரம்பரியங்கள், கலாச்சாரங்கள், கட்டட அமைப்புகள் என தனித்த அடையாளங்கள் இருக்கின்றன. டார்ஜிலிங் தேநீர், மைசூர் பட்டு, தமிழகத்தின் தஞ்சாவூர் ஓவியம், காஞ்சிபுரம் பட்டு ஆகியவைகளின் சிறப்பு மற்றும் பாரம்பரியத்தைக் கருதி அவற்றிற்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு அளிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.

    இந்தியாவில் பொருட்களுக்கான புவிசார் குறியீடு பதிவு மற்றும் பாதுகாப்புச் சட்டம் 1999-ம் ஆண்டு இயற்றப்பட்டது. மத்திய அரசின் கீழ் செயல்படும், இதற்கான அலுவலகத்தின் தலைமையகம் சென்னை கிண்டியில் இருக்கிறது.

    இந்த நிலையில் தமிழக அரசின் விண்ணப்பத்தை ஏற்று, மாமல்லபுரம் சிற்பங்களுக்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு வழங்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதன் மூலம் இனிமேல் மாமல்லபுரம் சிற்பங்கள் என்ற பெயரில், இனி யாருமே சிற்பம் வடிக்க முடியாது. மதுரை மல்லி, தஞ்சாவூர் ஓவியங்கள், காஞ்சிபுரம் பட்டு, ஆரணி பட்டு, சிறுமலை வாழை, கோவை வெட் கிரைண்டர் உட்பட 24 பொருட்களுக்கு புவிசார் குறியீடு பெற்று தமிழகம் 2ஆம் இடத்தில் உள்ளது குறிப்பிடத்தக்கது.

    Source: Samayam.com

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