Go To Home Page

Tag Archives: Tanjore Painting

  • Famous Ancient Indian Traditional Art and Paintings

    India is a land of cultural diversity but we can always witness that all these differences only makes it more interesting. Ancient Indian folk art is a tradition in India and it has been practiced through various generations in many parts of the country. With time, art forms tend to adapted modern resources but there are still few unpretentious forms who have survived the test of time. Most of the Indian folk art forms illustrate religious stories about God and Goddesses, and yet they are different from each other. Traditionally natural colours, earth, charcoal and natural resources were used by artists to maintain the natural integrity of the art. Ancient antique paintings are portrayed on the cloth or canvas.  Below is the list of ancient Indian art forms appreciating their uniqueness and magnificence –

    Madhubani Art

    Madhubani art originated in Mithila region of Bihar in India, hence this art is also known as Mithila art. Madhubani art is found in the mural and geometric patterns describing religious folk stories, God, Goddesses, Indian flora, and fauna. In ancient times, this art was used by women to decorate their home walls. Madhubani can be painted using fingers, sticks, brushes, pointed pens and natural colors and dyes. This art is mostly used as a part of the ritual during Indian festivals and happy occasions like birth or marriage, Holi, Kali Puja, Durga Puja.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Gond

    The Gond art form is said to evolve from Madhya Pradesh region in India. It is called Gond based on the name of ‘The Gondi tribe’ who is known as the inventor of Gond art. This type of art also focuses on the mysteries of nature, plants, animals. This is a very lively art form characterized by its upbeat colour schemes and vibrant looks. Natural colours are prepared from soil, charcoal and cow dung and are used to create this art form.

    Miniature Paintings

    Indian Miniatures paintings date back to 17th century and evolved in Western Himalayas. The art items are painted in small size with elaborate expressions and are inspired by Persian art style during Mughal era. The artists used to describe history and war. The main characteristics of a miniature painting are the enlarged eyes, sharp nose, and thin waist with men in turbans.

    Image Credit - wikipedia Image Credit - wikipedia

    Phat Art

    Phat art is a traditional art of Rajasthan with paintings of folk deities of Pabujai and Devnarayan. The painting describes the incidents related to lives of these deities. It is painted on canvas and the paintings are generally large in size. Painters use natural colours and dye to create this magnificent art form.

    Kalamkari

    Kalamkari art is a Hindi translation for ‘creating art with pen’. A kalamkari is an ancient form of hand painting painted on cotton or silk cloth using natural colours and a special type of tamarind pen. This art is popular in Andhra Pradesh in machilipatnam and Srikalahasti. Machilipatnam artists create block paintings and Srikalahasti artists create designs on fabrics using pens. Natural resources are used for preparing colours such as fruits, vegetables, leaves and so on. Most common objects of Kalamkari art are flowers, birds, peacocks and Hindu mythological stories. In this day and age, this art has excelled as a popular art to create Kalamkari sarees.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Tanjore Painting

    Tanjore paintings are a famous art form of South Indian culture and are native to Thanjavur region of Tamil Nadu.  These paintings depict the stories related to God, Goddesses and holy saints of Hindu religion. Vibrant colours, precious stones, and ornaments are used to create these paintings. This art form is the blend of Maratha, Deccan and European panache and it originated in India somewhere in the 16th century.

    Thanjavur Painting Shop For this Thanjavur Painting Lady with Fruit Plate - Click Here

    Cheriyal Scrolls

    Cheriyal Scrolls painting is an ancient art form similar to Nakashi art. In current times, this art is only created in Telangana and Hyderabad states in India. These cheriyal scrolls paintings use local motifs and stories from Indian mythology. These scrolls are more than fifty feet long and painted in panels to narrate the stories from Puranas and Indian epics. Primary colours are used to create the scrolls.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Bhil

    Bhil is a folk art created by one of the main tribes in India known as ‘Bhils’. They live in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra region in India. Bhils are known as successors of Eklavya, the great archer from Mahabharata. Bhil paintings are mostly about nature and tribal lifestyle and are painted using bright natural colours.

    Kalighat Paintings

    Kalighat paintings are used by artists to raise their voice against social conditions and cause awareness. The art form is known to exist since the 19th century and was originated at Kalighat in West Bengal state in India. Initially, this art was focused to tell religious stories but in modern times it is used for social reforms.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Warli

    Warli is another tribal art form from the Gujarat and Maharashtra regions. The Warli tribe used to paint the walls to decorate their homes. This painting uses geometric patterns to describe life in a modest way. The art is created on gerue (red soil) base with bamboo sticks. Rice paste is used to paint the various life events like festivals, dancing, etc.

    Image Credit - wikimedia Image Credit - wikimedia

    Saura

    Saura is a traditional tribal painting used by Saura tribe living in Odisha, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. These paintings describe the never-ending connection between nature and mankind. Saura paintings use natural colours made from neem leaves, herbs, and flowers. Saura art also uses geometric patterns like Warli however it is much bigger and extended form of painting.

  • Different Styles of Paintings in India: A Rich Legacy

    India is a vast country with numerous cultures and traditions. Indian paintings depict the various cultures and traditions right from the early civilization till today. Although, with time, the different styles of painting have also undergone changes, becoming more or less a blend of different cultures.

    ‘Murals’ and ‘Miniatures’ are the two main classes into which Indian paintings can be categorized. ‘Mural’ is referred to the huge works of art done mainly on walls, which started in the ancient and early medieval times. These are those done in the Ajanta Caves, Ravan Chhaya rock Shelter, Armamalai Cave in Tamil Nadu and Kailashnath Temple in Ellora Temple. These paintings are mainly based on religious themes of the Hindu, Jain and Buddhist religions. ‘Miniature’ paintings are small sized paintings, done for books and albums etc. The first miniature painting was perhaps done on palm-leaf. The early paintings were the miniatures of the murals and also had a religious theme.

    Gradually, many types of paintings evolved. These include Eastern, Western, Mughal, Malwa, Deccan and Jaunpur, Mysore, Tanjore, Rajput, Kangra, Madhubani, Pattachitra, Bengal, Contextual, Vernacular and Modern paintings. There are marked differences in the style of each type of paintings. Let us have a look at some of the major types of paintings, the special techniques involved in executing them and also how they are different from each other:

    The Mysore painting is a South Indian classical form of painting which emerged in the city of Mysore in Karnataka. It comprises mostly of the paintings of Hindu Gods and Goddesses and vistas of the Hindu legends. These paintings are outcome of various stages; firstly, the sketch is drawn on a paper pasted on a wooden base. Then, ‘gesso paste’, which is a mixture of zinc oxide and Arabic gum, is taken on a thin brush and applied on the parts of the painting which need to be given a raised effect of carving to highlight details. After it dries up, thin gold foil is pasted over it and rubbed with a smooth stone so as to enhance the richness in the relief work. The rest of the sketch is painted with soft colors. Initially, the colors used came from leaves, flowers and minerals. But nowadays, poster colors and water colors are used for the purpose.

    Mysore_painting

    Tanjore Painting is yet another South Indian style of painting, which originated in Tanjore, in Tamil Nadu in the 9th century. The main theme of these paintings is God and Goddesses and Hindu mythological scenes. The sketch is drawn on a cloth pasted over a wooden base. This base is then made smoother by applying a mixture of zinc oxide and adhesive on it. To give the image a beautiful and attractive look, semi- precious stones, pearls, glass pieces, laces and threads are used to embellishthe jewelry and the apparels. Then, gold foils are pasted over it and bright colored dyes are used for coloring the figures.

    Thanjavur-Painting-KrishnanMadhubani Painting originated in the Mithila region of Bihar. The themes of the paintings include vistas of the royal court, occasions such as weddings, Hindu Gods and traditions etc. In this unique style of painting, colors are obtained naturally from leaves, herbs and flowers. Other techniques were also adopted to obtain different colors from natural products, for example black color was createdby adding soot to cow dung, yellow color was obtained by mixing turmeric with milk of banyan tree, and so on. A distinguishing feature of theMadhubani paintings is that no space is left empty; rather, it is filled with paintings of flowers, birds, animals or even geometric designs. The brush used for these paintings were made by wrapping cotton cloth around a bamboo stick. Double lines are drawn for outlines and the gaps are filled by cross or smallstraight lines.

    Madhubani_Painting_'Krishna_and_Radha'The Mughal Paintings emerged in the Mughal period i.e. the 16th to 19th century and were done in miniatures. Mughal paintings were the outcome of the combination of Persian, Islamic and the Indian styles. These paintings were mostly depiction of scenes of battles, hunting and court. Legendary stories andwildlifealso form some of the popular themes.

    Mughal PaintingsThe famous Mughal paintings include series of Hamzanama, which were painted on cloth in Persian Safavi style. The artists used golden color abundantly as a symbol of prosperity. Bright colors such as red, blue, and green were used, evocative of Persia as they were done mainly by the Persian artists. Later, Indian artists were employed and so Indian tones can be seen in the later works.

    The Bengal style of art emerged in the British period in the 20th century. It was the outcome of nationalist movement against the academic art styles. The Bengal art was influenced by the Mughal art and exhibited the discrete religious qualities of India and symbols of national aspiration. They drew inspiration from non western art tradition and tried to capture the religiousspirit of the East. Later on,that is, post-Independence, the Bengal style of art became modern.

    Paintings are a wonderful medium of expression of ideas, feelings, cultures and traditions. The beauty and uniqueness ofIndian Paintings lies in its diversity, as each style of painting is a reflection of the legends, mythologies, cultures, tradition and history of the place(s) it originated from. A comparative observation of these styles can be a great source of knowledge of history!

2 Item(s)