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  • Do you know these interesting tidbits about our National Flag?

    Our National Flag is a symbolism of all those great stories of sacrifice and heroism we grew up with. Also called ‘Tiranga,’ its evolution has been tremendous. On the occasion of Republic Day, let’s learn some interesting facts about our flag.

    Do you know these interesting tidbits about our National Flag

    Historical facts:

    • The first recorded instance of the Indian flag, depicting religious symbols and eight roses marked with the words ‘Vande Matram,’ was in 1906 at Kolkata.

     

    • Pingali Venkayya, an educationist and freedom fighter from Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh is credited with the design of the National Flag. During the session of the All India Congress Committee in 1921, Venkayya presented a design to Mahatma Gandhi, which consisted of two colors - red and green - representing the two major communities i.e. Hindus and Muslims. Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip to represent the remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolize progress of the nation.

     

    • Indian National Congress modified the design later, which was adopted as Indian National Flag on July 22, 1947.

     

    • On August 22, 1907, Madam Bhikaji Cama became the first person to hoist the Indian flag at an international socialist conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Co-designed by her and Shyamji Krishna Varma, this flag later served as one of the templates of the current national flag of India. This flag had a top green stripe with eight blooming lotuses representing pre-independence India’s eight provinces. ‘Bande Mataram‘ was written across the central saffron stripe in Hindi. On the bottom red stripe, a half moon was on the right and the rising sun on the left. The flag is now on display at the Maratha and Kesari Library in Pune.

     

    We all know these basic facts, which we swore by since our school days.

    • Our flag is a horizontal tricolor with equal proportions of deep saffron on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom.

     

    • In the center of the white band, there is a wheel in navy blue called Ashok Chakra, which replaced the spinning wheel of the pre-independence era. With 24 spokes, its diameter approximates the width of the white band. Taken from the Lion Capital of King Ashoka, it was chosen because it represents Dharma and Law. The 24 spokes also show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.

     

    • Interpreting the colors chosen for the national flag, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan had once explained-” the saffron color denotes renunciation or disinterestedness of political leaders towards material gains in life. The white depicts enlightenment, lighting the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green symbolizes our relation to the soil, to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka wheel in the center of the white strip represents the law of dharma.” 

     

    Now comes the facts, we bet you didn’t know.

    • The Indian National Flag has traveled places – it was hoisted on Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the world, on May 29, 1953, along with the Union Jack and the Nepalese National Flag; and also went into space on board Apollo-15 as a medallion on the spacesuit worn by Cosmonaut Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma, during the Indo-Soviet joint space flight in April 1984.

     

    • The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS) is the country’s only national flag manufacturing and supplying unit, located in Bengeri village of Dharwad district.

     

    • The flags are made in conformation with the guidelines laid down by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). According to the Flag Code, there are nine different sizes in which the flag is made. The smallest one is 6×4 inches and the biggest one – hoisted on buildings and forts with high mast – is 21×14 feet.

     

    • The guidelines also include that the width and length of the flag should be in the ratio 2:3 and that the chakra should be printed on both sides.

     

    • The flag hoisted on Red Fort, Rashtrapati Bhavan and medium-sized government buildings is 12×8 feet.

     

    • The largest flag (21 × 14 ft) in the country is flown by the government of Maharashtra atop the Mantralaya building, the state administrative headquarters.

     

    • KKGSS’ khadi manufacturing units are located in Bagalkot, from where the cloth is first sourced. It is then divided into three lots, dyed, and cut into the required shapes. The chakra is printed on the white cloth and the three pieces are stitched together. The flags are then ironed and packed. 

     

    • The original flag code of India did not allow private citizens to fly the national flag, except on national days such as Independence Day or Republic Day. In 2001, Naveen Jindal, an Indian industrialist filed a public interest litigation petition in the High Court of Delhi against this. The Union Cabinet of India then amended the Indian Flag Code from 26 January 2002, allowing private citizens to hoist the flag on any day of the year.

     

    • However, the Indian Flag still can’t be depicted on uniforms, costumes and other clothing. In July 2005, the Government of India amended the code to allow some forms of usage. The amended code forbids usage in clothing below the waist and on undergarments and forbids embroidering onto pillowcases, handkerchiefs or other dress material.

    Last, but not the least, the Indian National Flag codes of conduct.

    • The flag should be hoisted in daylight between sunrise and sunset.

     

    • When the Indian flag is flown on Indian territory along with other national flags, the general rule is that the Indian flag should be the starting point of all flags.

     

    • It has to be hoisted in the horizontal direction with saffron color on top.

     

    • Whenever the flag is displayed indoors in halls at public meetings or gatherings of any kind, it should always be on the right (observers’ left), as this is the position of authority. When it is displayed elsewhere in the hall, it should be to the right of the audience.

     

    • When a foreign dignitary travels in a car provided by the Indian government, the flag should be flown on the right side of the car while the flag of the foreign country should be flown on the left side.

     

    Republic Day is when we all will see our tricolor in its full glory, again. We hope you learned a lot about our flag with this post. Poompuhar wishes all its customers a very happy Republic Day.

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